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      課程介紹
      高考英語詞匯解析
      A
      1.abandon  v. 放棄,遺棄,拋棄  abandon the baby/ child/ friend
      abandon the plan/ idea/ effort/ hope
      abandon oneself to 陷入,沉湎于     He abandoned himself to despair.
       2. ability  n. 能力; 才能      the ability to walk 行走的能力
      to the best of one’s ability  竭盡全力      He completed the job to the best of his ability.
      3.abnormal adj.不正常的,畸形的,反常的   They thought his behavior was abnormal.
      反義詞:normal
      4. aboard  prep.  adv.在船(飛機,火車)上,上船(飛機,輪船)
      all the people aboard  機上的人
      5. about  prep關于,ad 大約,到處
      a) be about to do sth…(when)      I was about to go out when it began to rain.
      b) look about/around/round        c) How/What about…詢問情況或建議
      6 . above  prep 在…上面    above all 首先;尤其
      7. abroad  ad.到(在)國外    a) go /study /live abroad        b) at home and abroad在國內外
      8. absence n. 不在,缺席
      absence from work/ school           The decision was made in my absence.
      in the absence of 在缺少…條件下    The case was dismissed in the absence of proof.
      9. absent  adj.  缺席的,不在的   be absent from    absent-minded  adj. 心不在焉的
      10. absorb  vt. 1) 吸收,吸進(液體,氣體等) 2) 理解,掌握
      absorb ink/ water/ neat/ light/ oxygen/ sound/ energy
      absorb information/ knowledge          be absorbed in 專注于,聚精會神于…
      11.abuse  v / n. 濫用,謾罵       abuse alcohol/ drugs 酗酒 /嗜毒   
      abuse power/ position/ privilege 濫用權力/職權/特權
      12. accept vt.
      accept the gift /invitation /plan           accept sb/sth as…  
      13.access n.方法,通路,機會
      The only access to the farm was a narrow bridge.
      Only high officials have access to the emperor.
      We students have access to the school library.
      accessible  adj. 可進入的,可接近的,可使用的
      Such information is not easily accessible to the public.
      14. accident  n.事故,意外的事
      by accident/chance 偶然,無意中;不小心
      15. accompany  v. 陪伴,伴隨,伴奏         accompany sb. to the school/ supermarket
       accompany the singer on / at the piano           Lightening usually accompanies thunder.
      16. accomplish v. 完成,到達,實現    accomplishment  n. 成就,成績
      accomplish the task/ purpose/ goal
      17. according to  根據    According to the law, he should be sentenced to death.
      18. accuse vt. 指控,指責    accuse sb of (doing ) sth 控告…
      19. accustomed adj. 習慣的,適應的,慣常的
          be/ get/ become accustomed to doing          He was soon accustomed to getting up early.
      20. ache  vi./n  headache / toothache   My back aches so much.
      21. achieve  vt  達到;取得  achievement  n 成就
      achieve success/victory/one’s goal; 
      22.achievement   n. 成就,業績;完成(任務等)  make great achievements
      23.acknowledge v. 承認,致謝
         It is generally acknowledged that global warming is caused by greenhouse gases.
         Yaoming is acknowledged as/ to be the best player in China.
         I acknowledged financial support from the local government.
      24. across  prep     cross  v.    I walked across the street.;  cross a street;   come/run across碰到
      25. act  n.法令,條例   vt.表演,扮演,行動,做事
      act as  充當;扮演    act out 把…表演出來
      26. action n. 行動      take action to do sth             put sth into action 把…付諸實施
      27. active  adj. 積極的;主動的    take an active part in /be active in 積極參加
      28.activity  n. 活動  outdoor activities  戶外運動
      29.actual  a.實際的   actually   adv.          in (actual) fact  實際上
      30adapt vi. 適應,適合,改編   vt. 使適應      adapt to change /the city life
        adapt oneself to the new surroundings     adapt the novel for a film    adaptation  n. 適應
      31. add  vt 添加,增加,補充說(that)
      add(…)to 添加   add up  把…加在一起 add up to總計為; 總數為
      a) His illness added to our trouble.    b) He added that he would come again.
      c) Please add these figures up.       d) These numbers add up to 100.
      e) He added some salt to the water.
      32. address   n.地址  vt.寫地址;向…講話(尤指演講)
      address the letter to sb. 給某人寄信  The letter was wrongly addressed.
      The president addressed the public.
      33.adjust vt. 調整,調節,適應        adjust your speed /the volume/ the camera
          adjust to the dark/ the single life    adjust yourself to the student life  adjustment  n. 調整,調節
      34. admire  v 欽佩.;羨慕
      admire sb for sth         I admire John for his courage.
      35. admit  vt  (admitted ,admitted)
      1) 承認  admit one’s mistakes;    admit doing/having done
      He admitted having stolen the money.
      2) 準許(入場,入學,入會)  admit sb to /intosb be admitted to
      He has been admitted to Beijing University.
      36.adopt v. 收養,采用,采納
         adopt a child              the adopted son/ daughter
         adopt a new policy/ a suggestion/ a plan/ an attitude
      37. advance  vi推進,促進;前進     adj. advanced 先進的/ 高級的
      in advance 預先,事先            an advanced worker
      38. advantage  n. 優點,好處(可數名詞)  反:disadvantage
      take advantage of 利用  have an advantage over 優于…     to sb’s advantage  對(某人)有利
      39. advertise  vt. 為…做廣告
      1)為…做廣告 advertise a product / things
          2)登廣告征求/尋找… advertise for a new sales manager
      40. advice  n/u.  advise  vt. 忠告,勸告,建議   take/follow/ accept one’s advice 接受某人的建議
      ask sb for advice 向某人尋求建議    a piece of advice 一條建議
      give sb some advice on sth 
      advise sb (not) to do;  advise doing;  advise that …(should)+do
      Our teacher advised that we should study hard.
      41. affect  vt. 影響, 深深打動,使悲傷等
         Smoking affects health.            People were deeply affected by the death of Jin Zhengri.
      42. afford  vt. 負擔得起,抽得出(時間); 提供
      can/could/be able to afford sth/to do sth   I can’t afford a book/to buy the book
      43. afraid  a. 害怕的;擔心
      be afraid to do  因為害怕不敢做…;     be afraid of doing  害怕…
      She was afraid to go out alone at night.    She was afraid of waking him up.
      44. against   prep 對著,反對, 靠著,迎著,襯著
      stand against the wall (靠墻站著)  go against nature;  be against sth  反對
      They are strongly against the plan.       The pine tree were black against the morning sky.
      45. age  n.年齡;時代  vi. 變老     for ages 多年;  at an early age;  at the age of … ; 
      of the same age=of an age            After his wife’s death he aged quickly.
      46. agree  vi. 同意;應允
      1)agree with      ① agree with sb / what you say/your opinion.
      ②表示一致;“ (食物、天氣、工作等)對…適宜”:
      The weather does not agree with me. 這種天氣對我不適宜。
      A verb must agree with its subject in person and number.
      What he does does not agree with what he says. 他言行不一致。
      2)agree to the plan/ the arrangement/ the suggestion .
      3)agree on /upon主要指雙/多方通過協商而取得一致意見或達成協議:
      We agreed on the price. 我們就價格達成了一致意見。
      Both sides agreed on these terms. 雙方都同意這些條件。 
      4) agree to do sth       He agreed to go with us. 他同意同我們去。
      5) reach/arrive at/come to an agreement       6) I can’t/couldn’t agree more.
      47. ahead  ad. 在前,向前 ahead of time  提前 go ahead  前進,干吧,說吧
      48.aid  n.  援助;救護;輔助工具 
      first aid 急救                              in aid of 支持 
      by ( the) aid of 借助于,通過…的幫助        come/ go to one’s aid 幫助某人
            v. 幫助,促進   aid (sb/ sth) in/ with ( doing) sth 幫助某人做…
      49. aim at
      ① 瞄準,對準  He aimed the gun at the enemy officer.
      ② (向某方面)努力 She's aiming at ( trying to win) a scholarship.
      ③ 針對某人 My words were not aimed at you.
      50.alike  adj. 相像,十分相似 We are alike in many ways.
                 adv. 相似的,相同的 They tried to treat their children alike.
      51. alive  a. 活著的,存在的     catch …alive 活捉  keep…alive   be alive with= be full of
      The lake was alive with fish.     Who is the greatest man alive.(后置定語)
      52. allow  v 準許,允許  allow doing/ sb to do   
          allow for 把  考慮進去   Has everything been allowed for in your plan?
      53. almost  adv幾乎,差不多
        Almost no one/nobody came to the party.       There was almost no snow that winter.
      54. alone  adj/adv 單獨的 孤獨的
      1) 形容詞She is alone at home. (她獨自一人在家。)
      2) 副詞I like to work alone. (我喜歡獨自一人工作。)
      3) “只有,僅僅”, The shoes alone cost $200. ※ let /leave sb /sth alone 別打擾
      let alone  更不用說
       lonely 
      1) 定語, “孤單的,無伴侶的,無人煙的,荒涼的,偏僻的”       a lonely man / island.
      2) 表語,“孤寂的,寂寞的”    feel lonely     ※ He lives alone but he doesn’t feel lonely.
      55. aloud  ad.大聲地  read aloud/ think aloud
      56. amaze vt. 使驚奇,驚嘆;震驚
         What amazes me is how long she managed to hide it from us.  
         It amazed me that he could be so calm at such a time.   
        amazed adj. 驚奇的,驚訝的       amazing adj.令人驚奇的,驚嘆的;震驚的
        I’ m ___ that you have never heard of the Rolling Stones.
        It’s ____ how often you see drivers using mobile phones.
      57. amount  n. 數額(尤指數量,大小等)  a large amount of +u/n  
      large amounts of +u/n  v. (數量,意義等) 等同,相當于 amount to
      1) (數量上)達到,總計
         Time lost through illness amounts to 1,357 working days.因疾病而損失的時間總共為 
        2)等于,意味著
         Ultimately, their ideas amount to the same thing.   歸根結底,他們想的都是一回事。
      58. amuse vt. 使快樂,逗樂amuse sb. 使…高興           The funny drawings amused the kids.
      be amused by/at/ with 被…逗樂     amuse oneself 自娛自樂      
      The boys amused themselves by drawing.      amusement  n.    to one’s amusement
      59. amusement  n. 1) 娛樂,樂趣    to one’s amusement 讓某人發笑
         They were dancing and singing in the car, much to the amusement of passers-by.
         他們在車里跳舞,唱歌,讓路人感到十分有趣。
         2) 娛樂活動,消遣活動 amusements      amuse  vt.  amuse sb/ oneself  使開心,逗笑
          amused / amusing  adj.     an amused smile / look/ expression 愉快的微笑/ 神情/ 表情
          an amusing story/ film 有趣的,好笑的,逗人發笑的故事/ 電影
      60. angry  adj 生氣的,憤怒的 (angrily /angrier )
      be angry at (about) 因為…而生氣  be angry with sb 生某人的氣
      61. announce  vt. 宣布,宣告,公布
      announce a decision / plan/ intention            announce sth to sb      announce that
          At the end of the meeting , it was announced that an agreement had been reached.
      make an announcement
        62.announcement n. 通告,通知 
        63.annoy vt. (使)煩惱       be annoyed with sb.for (at) sth.
          What annoyed him most was that he had received no apology.
          annoyed  adj. 略感煩惱(生氣)的        annoying  adj. 討厭的,令人煩惱的
          It’s _____that we didn’t know about this before.令人惱火的事,我們事先并不知道這一切
          Mr Davies was ____that the books were missing.戴維斯先生生氣了,因為那些書不見了。
      64. answer  n.  the answer to the question     v.  answer a question/the door/the phone;  
       answer for 對… 負責  You will have to answer for your wrong doing one day.
      65. anxiety n. 憂慮,焦急,擔心 
      anxious  adj. 焦慮的,不安的;擔心的 be anxious about sth for sb
                      渴望的,急切的  be anxious to do sth
      67. apologize n. 道歉,歉意  apology n.
          make an apology/ apologies to sb for sth         apologise to sb for sth
      68. appeal v. n. 吸引,呼吁,懇求
          The design has appealed to people of all ages.     I appeal to you to protect the environment.
          have/ hold appeal for sb. 對某人有吸引力       lose one’s appeal  失去吸引力
      69. appear 1) vi. 出現,露面     The man suddenly ______ from behind the tree scared me.
      2) 系動詞 似乎,好像     appear+ (to be) + n/adj 似乎
      It appears (to sb) that /as if        He appeared to be happy in the news.
      It appears to me that he will win
      It appears that all the files have been deleted.檔案好像都已經被刪除了。
      Police say there appear to be signs of a break-in.警方稱似乎有破門而入的跡象。
      70. appearance n. 出現,露面;容貌    judge by appearances  以貌取人
      71.application  n.申請    make an application for
      72. apply v. 申請       apply for  申請;請求,接洽
         apply sth to …運用,應用        apply oneself to 致力于,集中精力做某事
      73. appoint vt. 任命,委派,安排,確定
         1) 任命,委派A committee was appointed to consider the plan. 一個委員會被指定去研究這些計劃。         He was appointed as chairman.
          2). 約定,確定      Everyone got there at the appointed time.
           In the evening he made his way to the appointed meeting place.
       74. appointment  n.
          make an appointment 約定、會       his appointment as president  他擔任總統的任命
      75. ◎appreciate vt. 欣賞;感激     appreciate your concern      appreciate doing sth
          appreciate your abilities/ fine works of art    I’d appreciate it if you let me get on with my job.
      76. ◎approach      1). v. 接近;靠近;走進
      As they approached the wood, a rabbit ran out of the trees.
      I find him difficult to approach.            The winter vacation is approaching.
      2). n. 接近;方法;途徑;通路
        He decided to adopt a different approach and teach the Bible through story-telling.
        His approach to the problem are wrong.     All the approach to the palace were guarded by troops.
      77. approve vi. 贊成  vt. 同意,批準     approve of  贊成,同意     approve of one’s idea
        He doesn’t approve of my leaving this year.     approve the plan/ proposal  通過計劃/ 提議
        approval  n.
      79. argue vi. 爭辯,爭論   n.  argument       1) argue for /against 贊成/反對
        2) argue sb into/out of doing sth 說服某人做/不做某事
        3) argue with sb about sth 與某人爭論某事
      80. ◎arise arose arisen  vi.      1) 出現,發生,產生  A new crisis has arisen. 新危機出現。
         2)起床,起身,起立 He arose at dawn. 他黎明即起。
      81.◎argument  n.     1)爭論,辯論   have an argument with sb about / over sth
      2) 論點,論據  a powerful argument against smoking  argue  v.    argue with sb about / over sth
      82. arm
      n. 手臂,支架 武器(復)   arm in arm   手挽手     take up arms  拿起武器
      vt. 以…裝備,武裝起來     arm…with
      Armed with the new equipment, the explorers entered the cave.      be armed to the teeth 全副武裝
      83. around 在周圍; 在附近; 大約
      around the corner  在拐角處,即將到來           around the clock   晝夜不停地
      84.◎arrange vt. 安排,布置
         arrange an appointment 安排預約         Have you arranged to meet Mark this weekend?
         We had arranged that I would go for the weekend.我們商量好了,這個周末我去。
         He arrived as arranged. 他如約而至。
         The company will arrange for a taxi to meet you at the airport.
         Dave arranged for someone to drive him home.
         arrangement  n. 安排,布置    make arrangements for…
      85.◎arrest  vt. 逮捕,拘捕   He got arrested for careless driving.
      n.    put / place sb under arrest  逮捕某人
      86. arrive  v   arrival  n. 到來;達到   arrive at      Guests receive dinner on/upon their arrival
      87. article  n. 文章;東西;物品;冠詞         an article of clothing 一件衣服
      88. ashamed  adj 慚愧,害臊
      89. asleep  adj 睡著的,熟睡  (表語形容詞)       fall asleep 入睡   He seems to be fast asleep.
      90. assist v. 幫助,協助        assist sb. in dong /with sth.
         we’ll assist you in finding a place to live.
         She employed a woman to assist her with the housework.
        assistance   n.    technical/ military assistance  技術/軍事援助
      91. assume v. 假定,假設          It is assumed that…普遍認為
        I had assumed him to be a teacher. 我本以為他是老師。
        He assumed an air of concern. 他裝出關心的樣子。     assuming (that)… 假設,假如
      92. assumption  n.
      a) be ashamed of  以為是恥辱   b) be ashamed of oneself for 為…而害羞
      c) feel ashamed for sb 替某人感到羞愧       ※ ashamed & shameful
      ashamed指事物使人感到羞恥、慚愧、害臊;
      shameful指事物或本身可恥不道德。 He is ashamed of his shameful conduct.
      93. astonish  v 使驚訝  astonished /astonishing
      be/look astonished at  對…感到大吃一驚        an astonished look
      94. attach   attach …to
      95. attempt  v. 試圖,嘗試
      attempt to do    He was charged with attempting to kill his wife.
      attempt sth     The plane crashed while attempting an emergency landing.
      n.  make an attempt to do /at doing 試圖做某事
      96. attend  v. 看護,照料,服侍;出席,參加      attend a meeting/ school/ church/ the concert
      attend to sth處理,注意    I have a few other things to attend to.
      attend to sb 看護  attend to a baby
      97. attention  n. 注意,關心
      pay ( much/no/little) attention to                    draw one’s attention to
      fix one’s attention/mind/eyes on;                  attract one’s attention
      98. attract  v. 吸引,引起   Like attracts like  物以類聚
      99. available
      100. average  adj 平均的;普通的 n. 平均數          on (the)average 按平均
      I was just an average sort of student. 我只是一個普通學生。
      101. avoid doing
      102. awake  v.  喚醒;(awoke/ awoken)  Is he awake or asleep?   awake to sth 意識到 醒悟到  
      It took her some time to awake to the dangers of her situation.     adj  醒著的be wide awake
      103. award  n.  v.
      104. aware   be aware of
      105. away  adv離開;遠離     keep away from 保持距離; far away 在遠處
      right away 立刻,馬上;   give away 泄露,贈送
      106. awful
      B
      1. back  adv.回(原處);向后 adj.后面的 n. 背后,后部;背
      back and forth 來回,往返;   back to back 背靠背
      behind one’s back 背后;      look back 回顧
      put back 放回去;            turn one’s back on 避開,不理睬
      2. ◎backward  adv.          backward and forward  來來回回
          bend /lean over backward to do 竭盡全力去做…
      3. baggage  n.行李   a piece of/an article of baggage
      4. ◎balance    1) n. ① 平衡 keep a balance (between A and B)     lose one’s balance
                 disturb the balance of one’s mind
      ② 余額 (常用單數) check your bank balance
      ③ 欠款(常用單數)The balance of 500 yuan must be paid within 90 days.
      短語   be/ hang in the balance 不明朗的,未定的, 懸而未決的
             catch / throw sb. off balance 使…失去平衡; 使…不知所措    on balance 總的來說
      2)v.①保持平衡  ~(sth)on sth      balance on one leg
              He balanced the cup on her knee.
            ②同等重視 balance A with/ and B  balance home life with career
            ③比較權衡 balance A against B   balance the cost against its benefit
      balanced  adj.   be on a balanced diet
      5. ban  n.禁令  v. 禁止,取締        a ban on smoking 禁煙令 
       place… under ban 對…加以禁止     ban sb. from sth./ doing 禁止某人做
      6.  ◎bar 1)  n. 條,塊   a bar of chocolate / soap   障礙     Being a woman was a bar to promotion.
      2) vt. 封堵      All the doors and windows were barred.
                  阻止 bar sb. from ...    bar players from drinking
      7. bargain   n. (經討價還價之后)成交的商品;廉價貨
      Those shoes are a real bargain at such a low price.v. 討價還價      bargain with sb about /over sth
      8. base n. 根據地,基地   v.以...為基地, 把基地設在
      1)  base sth on/upon sth  以…為基礎            His book is based on a true story.
      2)        be based in以...為基地,把基地設在          The toy company is based in Guangzhou.
      basic     adj 基本的basic knowledge/skills       basically  adv.
      9. ◎basis  (復數 bases )
         1)基礎,要素  form the basis of…
         2) 基準,原則  on a regular /permanent basis 以定期的/永久的方式
         3) 原因,緣由  on the basis of…         Some videos were banned on the basis of violence.
      10. bath  n.洗澡;浴室;澡盆;  have/take a bath
      bathe  v. 洗澡,游泳 be bathed in …沉浸在,沐浴著(光線)     bathroom  n.浴室
      11. bear  (bore, born/borne) v.
      1)承受 (重量) The ice is too thin to bear your weight.
      2) 負擔, 承擔 bear the cost/ burden/responsibility
      3)忍受;容忍 (常用于疑問句、否定句,與can, could 連用)      bear to do/doing
      4) bear…in mind 記住
      12. beat  v (beat ,beaten) 連續有節奏的敲擊      My heart is beating faster than usual.    
      Waves are beating the shore.   擊敗: He beat me in the game.  ※ beat & hit &strike & knock
      13. before      It will be +段時間+before+ do/does…要過多久才…
         It was +段時間+before+ did…沒過多久就…
      14. beg 乞求,請求  beg—begged—begged—begging     beg sb. to do 請求、乞求某人做某事
      I beg your pardon. 對不起、請原諒(降調)  請再講一遍(降調)
      15. begin—began—begun—beginning         begin with=start with 以…開始
       to begin with=to start with (插入語)首先、第一
           I don’t like living here. To begin with, the room is far too small.
      16. beginning   n.開始,開端       at the beginning of…     in the beginning= at first
      17. ◎behave  v.  表現        He behaved as if nothing had happened.
         behave badly/well/like a true gentleman
         behave oneself 表現得體,有禮貌      well / badly behaved children
      18. ◎ behavior  n. 不可數         good/ bad behavior  
      be on your best behavior 盡量表現得體
      19. behind       drop/ fall behind 落后      leave sb./sth. behind 遺落、忘帶
      20. ◎belief   n. (不可數)  1)相信,信心 belief in       I admire his belief in what he is doing.
        2) 看法,信念 (不可數)    He acted in the belief that he was doing good.
           There is a general belief that things will soon get better.
        3) 信仰 (可數 beliefs)  religious/ political beliefs
        短語 beyond belief 難以置信   to the best of one’s belief  盡其所知
      21. believe     believe it or not (插入語)信不信由你
                    It is believed that he is a good teacher. =He is believed to be a good teacher.
      22. belong   belong to 屬于(無被動)    The house belonging to her is under repair.
      23. bend  v. 彎曲、彎腰、伏案 bend—bent—bent
           She was bent over her desk writing a letter. 她正伏案寫信。
      24. ◎benefit 1) n. 優勢,益處(不可數)She didn’t get much benefit from her staying abroad.
      短語: be of benefit to...=be beneficial to ...   to one’s benefit   對某人有利
         for one’s benefit = for the benefit of sb. 為了幫助.../為了某人的利益
      2) vt./ vi.    benefit sb./ sth    benefit from/ by...
      beneficial  adj. 有益的,有用的 be beneficial to ...
      25. best    do/ try one’s best to do 盡全力做        make the best of…盡量利用
                all the best (書信結語)一切順利、萬事如意
      26. better       had better do…最好做… 否定:had better not do
                     be better worth reading 更值得讀         be better known 更著名的
      27. beyond 超出、超過      beyond one’s imagination/description 難以想象/描述
         beyond one’s power 超出能力范圍     beyond my wildest dreams 做夢也沒想到
      28. bid –bid- bid- bidding  v. 出價,投標  n 投標    bid for sth.
         I bid 2000 dollars for the painting. 我出價20000美元買這幅畫。
         The highest bid for the picture was 20000. 這幅畫的最高出價是兩萬
      29. birth  n.出生、誕生       at birth 出生時      give birth to 生下、孕育了
      30. biscuit  餅干c/n some chocolate biscuits
      31. bit   1) a bit of+不可數n.= a little +不可數n.   He can speak a bit of French.
               2) a bit/a little +比較級   a bit more slowly     3) not a bit=not at all 一點兒也不、毫不
      32. blame  1)be to blame  應該受到責備(主動表被動)  2) blame sb. for doing→sb. be blamed for …
      33.◎blank
      1) n. 空白處,空格 fill in the blanks
      (記憶中的)空白,遺忘 My mind was a blank and I couldn’t remember her name.
      2) adj. 空白的,無裝飾的,無圖畫的  a blank form/ wall
      不理解的,沒表情的,空虛的  a blank expression   Suddenly my mind went blank.
      34. be blind to 對…視而不見、熟視無睹  =turn a blind eye to
      35. blow  v. (blew  blown) 吹、刮        blow down 吹倒   blow up 爆炸、炸毀
               n. 打擊   give sb. a blow 給某人打擊
      36. board  n. 木板、布告牌      v. 登上 on board 在船(車、飛機)   board a train 上火車
      37. book  c/n   書     v. 預定(車、船)票   book a room/ ticket
      38. ◎bored  adj.  be bored with... / to death.    boring  adj.  a boring job /book/man
      39. ◎bother    vt./vi.     1) 花費時間精力做某事(常用于否定句,疑問句中)
      ① bother with/ about sth   ---Shall I wait? ---No, don’t bother.
         It’s not worth bothering with an umbrella.
      ② bother to do    He didn’t even bother to let me know he was coming.
      ③ bother doing   Why bother asking if you are not really interested?
      2) 給...造成麻煩,痛苦 使...煩惱,擔憂
      ① bother sb with/ about...  I don’t want to bother her with my problems.
      ---I’m sorry he was rude to you. --- It doesn’t bother me.
            ② bother sb. that...   Does it bother you that she earns more than you?
            ③ bother sb. to do...   It bothers me to think of her alone at home.
          3) 打擾 插話   bother sb    Sorry to bother you, but...
      be bothered about sb./ sth 認為...重要  關心... I’m not bothered about what he thinks.
        n. 麻煩 困難(不可數)     ---Thanks for your help.  --- it was no bother.
           put sb. to bother    get sb. /oneself into bother給某人添麻煩
      40. bottom         at the bottom of…         from the bottom of one’s heart
      41. break—broke –broken       break out  (戰爭、火災、疾病等)爆發
         break down (車、機器等)壞掉、出故障;分解;(身體)垮掉;
         break in   打斷;闖入        break up 破碎;(關系)破裂
       break away from 擺脫、脫離
      42. breath  n.   hold one’s breath    take a deep breath     out of breath      breathe  v. 
      43. bring     bring  up    bring down    bring about     bring in       
      44. broken  adj. speak in broken English  a broken marriage
      45. ◎budget n.   within / over budget 在預算內/超出預算     on a (tight) budget  缺少錢 拮據
                 vt.   ~ sth for ... 將...編入預算     ~$1,000,000 for education spending
                 vi. ~ for  存錢 編預算      ~ for a holiday abroad
      46. build—built—built v. 建筑;建造       build up   增進、增強
      47. burn—burned—burned/--burnt—burnt  燃燒;曬黑、傷        burn down  燒毀  
      burn…to the ground= completely destroyed  夷為平地          get burnt   被曬傷 
      a burning candle  燃燒的蠟燭
      48. burst v. 突然發生burst—burst—burst
        burst out laughing/ crying   = burst into laughter/ tears   突然大笑起來/痛哭起來
      49. bury  v. 埋葬bury—buried—buried—burying
        bury one’s face in the hands  手捂著臉       bury oneself in…  = be buried in… 
      50. business  n. 生意;職責;(本分)工作      on business     
      do business with sb.     Business is business. 
        It’s none of your business. 與你無關。     mind your own business  管好你自己的事
      51. busy  adj. 忙的;忙碌的  be busy with sth.  be busy (in) doing 忙于做    busily  adv 
      52. but  conj.但是  prep.除了
        not…but… 不是…而是  we have no choice but to wait. 除了等待別無選擇。
                              We can do nothing but wait.   除了等待什么也不能做。
        but for  要不是、若沒有(引導含虛擬語氣的句子)But for your help, I would have failed.
      53. by  by bus/car/plane/air/train/ship… 乘汽車/小汽車/飛機/火車/
      C
      1.●calculate  v. 計算, 核算        It has been calculated that …
      eg. It has been calculated that at least 47000 jobs were lost last year.
      (be) calculated to do sth.        eg. The speech was calculated to win votes.
      2. call  v. 叫;喊;打電話        a girl called Mary       a girl calling herself Mary  
         call on         call at sp.      call for            call up         call off        call in   
      3. calm  adj. 鎮靜的、沉著的  calm down      v.使鎮靜      keep calm  
      4. camp  n.營  v.野營;宿營     summer camp 夏令營   go camping  去野營
      5. can  否定:cannot= can’t
         can’t help doing = can’t help but do  禁不住
         can not…too… = can never…too… 越…越好/再…也不為過
          You can never be too careful when crossing the street.
      6. care  n. 照料;保管      take care of   照顧、保管       take care (that)…當心
             v. 在乎;介意       I don’t care.  我不在乎/我不放在心上。
              care for   喜歡;照顧        care about 關心;在乎
      7. careful  adj.  仔細的;小心的     be careful of… 當心,小心     listen carefully
      8. carry  v. 拿;搬;運;背     carry on  繼續、進行  carry out  實施、執行
      9. case  n. 情況;案件;病例         in case +句子/in case of +名詞  萬一    
       in this/that case  如果這樣/那樣的話         in no case  絕不   
      as is often the case 事實往往如此      eg: As is often the case, women live longer than man.
           There are some cases where this method won’t work.
      10. ◎cash  n. 現金   pay in cash /by check        vt. 兌現  ~ a check
      cash in on…從...獲得利潤    The shop are cashing in on temporary shortage by raising prices.
      11.●cast  v. 扔,拋,撒
      cast your net wide       cast about/ around for sth               cast sb./ sth out  
      cast sb./ sth aside        be cast away      be cast down        cast sth off
      12. catch—caught—caught        catch up with  趕上    
      catch sight of  看見           catch sb. doing 撞見/捉住某人做某事
         catch one’s eye= attract one’s attention  引起某人注意;引人注目
      13.●cater  v. 提供(承辦)酒席,滿足需求
          cater for sth/sb : The class caters for all ability ranges.
          cater to sth/ sb: It catered for all tastes.
      14. cattle  n. 牛(總稱)單復同形      The cattle are in the shed. 牛在牛棚里。
      15. cause  n. 原因、起因      cause and effect 因果
      the cause of fire/cancer  火災/癌癥的起因
                v. 引起;促使     The storm left, ____ a lot of damage to this area.
      16. ◎cautious  adj. 謹慎的 小心的  be cautious of/ about...
           caution   n. 謹慎 小心      with caution 小心地
                    vt. 警告...小心...    caution sb. to do  caution sb. against... 警告某人警惕
                       We were cautioned not to drive too fast.
      17. celebrate  v. 慶祝  celebrate one’s birthday    celebrate Christmas 
      18.◎central  adj.       中心的,中央的  central bank/government
      1)  主要的,首要的  play a central role in…  在…起著主導作用。
      centre  n.  in the centre of the room 
             v. centre on /upon/ round /around…把…當中心 使…成為中心
      19.◎ceremony  n. 典禮,儀式    1)  attend a wedding ceremony
      2)  stand on ceremony  拘于禮節     without ceremony   粗魯無禮,不拘禮節
      20. certain  adj. 確定的;無疑的    certainly  adv.
         be certain of= be sure of  對…確信的   be certain to do =be sure to do  一定會、必然
         make sure/certain of… 保證、弄清楚      * It is certain that…
      21.◎challenge   face/ take up a challenge    面對/接收挑戰
      challenging  adj 具有挑戰性的      a challenging job
      22. chance  n. 機會;可能性         give sb. a chance  給…一次機會;   
      take a chance/chances  冒險;碰運氣         by chance/accident  偶然;         
      There is a/no chance that…  有可能/不可能…
      23. change  v. 改變、變化;  n. 變化;零錢(不可數)
          change…into…  把……變成;        change one’s mind  改變主意
      Great changes have taken place in China.
      There is no time to get changed before the party.       Do you have any change on/with you ? 
      24.●characteristic  adj. 獨特的     n. 特征 特點   a key characteristic of…
      25. charge  n./vt        charge…for…  收/要價多少; 
        charge sb. with sth/doing  指控某人做了     get the phone charged  手機被充電;
      The soldiers were charging forward bravely.戰士們勇敢地向前沖。
      take charge of   負責、管理       in charge of 負責; 
      in the charge of  被/由… 負責;      free of charge  免費
      26. chat   v./n.  聊天;閑談  chat—chatted—chatted—chatting
         have a chat with sb.  與某人聊天;   chat room 聊天室
      27. check  v./ n. 檢查;核對;批改; 支票  by check 用支票支付
         辨析: check  examine
         check 指核對某事物是否正確,  examine 表檢查、調查、審查等
         check the answers       check the mailbox 核實郵箱(看有沒有信)
         examine your body/eyes  examine the machine   
      28. cheer  n./vi.  歡呼;喝彩A great cheer went up from the crowd.
      cheer sb on     為某人加油    cheer up  振作起來;高興起來    Cheers !  共同舉杯
      29. ◎cheerful  adj 興高采烈的,高興地  a cheerful smile
      30. cheque= check(美) 支票  in cash  付現金     by check/cheque 用支票支付
      31. chicken  c/n. 小雞  u/n. 雞肉       Would you like some chicken?   來點雞肉怎么樣?
        Don’t count your chickens before they are hatched.
      不要在還沒孵出小雞之前先數雞。(別指望過早;別打如意算盤)
      32. chief   adj. 主要的;首要的     n. 首領;領導人 chiefs (復數)
      33. choice  c/n. 選擇;      choose  v. 選擇 choose—chose—chosen
         make a choice /make choices  做選擇    have no choice but to do   除了…別無選擇
         We chose Bill as chairman.           There are a lot of books to choose from.
      34. Christmas    Merry Christmas!        on Christmas Eve;  
      at Christmas 圣誕節期間   on Christmas 在圣誕節這天
      35. church   go to church;    attend church 去教堂做禮拜
      36. cinema 電影院  go to the cinema
      37. circle  n. 圓圈  vi 環繞,盤旋       The plane circled over the airport before landing.
      38.●circulate v. 循環,流傳,傳閱
      circulate sth (to sb.)   The document will be circulated to all members.
      39.●clarify v.澄清,闡明,使…..純凈    clarify a situation/ problem/ issue
      clarification  n.   seek clarification of
      40. class   after class;  have classes;  the first class 頭等; the working class 工人階級
      41.●classify把……分類為  classify…into…           
      classify sb./ sth as …    Only eleven of these accidents were classified as major.
      42. clean v. 打掃;弄干凈  clean up;clean the table/the room       adj. 清潔的
      43. clear  adj. 清晰的 clear water;  clear glass;  a clear explanation;  make oneself clear
      v 清除,放晴  clear away 霧煙等消散;clear up (天氣)放晴;   clearly  adv.
      44. close  vt. 關閉 adj. 近的;親密的 adv. 近地 
      closely adv. 密切地;仔細地  watch closely  密切注視;仔細觀察
         a close friend;        be/stand/get close to; 
         close the door/eyes;   with his eyes closed/open     close down 關閉、倒閉
      45. cloth u/c 布料,抹布; a piece of cloth;     a table cloth;
      clothing  u/n (總稱) 衣服   a piece of clothing;   an article of clothing     clothes(pl.) 衣服;
      46. coast 海岸     on/along the coast 在岸上/沿岸   off the coast  離海岸不遠的地方
      47. coffee   a cup of coffee;  a coffee/two coffees
      48. coin c/n    Every coin has two sides. 事物皆有兩面性
      49.●coincidence  n.共同發生,巧合
      by coincidence           what a coincidence     a strange/ remarkable coincidence
      50. collect  vt. 收集;搜集    collect stamps/stamp collecting  集郵  
      51.●collection收藏品    a stamp collection   have a large collection of books
      52.●combine使聯合,使結合    combine A with/ and B
      53. come   came-came-come   come up with 提出;想出
         come across 偶遇;  come about 產生,發生;   come on  加油;快點;得啦
         come true 實現;   come up 走近;被提出;想起;發芽come out 出來;出版
      54. comfort  v. 安慰    u/n 舒適      live in comfort  生活安逸;  a comfort 令人安慰的人或事
          comfortable  adj.  live a comfortable life    comfortably  adv.  live comfortably
      55.●command  n.&v 命令,指揮,支配
      at /by one’s command          get command of              under one’s command
      have a good command of        command sb. to do sth.
      command that clause (should do)
      56. ◎comment  n.  評論    make a comment on /about sth
                    vi           comment on/ upon sth
      57.●commit犯, 干(壞事)等      commit murder/ suicide   commit sb/ yourself to sth/ doing
      commit yourself (to sth):   You don’t have to commit yourself now, just think about it.
      58. common     a common mistake 常見錯誤;   common practice 慣例;    common sense 常識
         have much/a lot/ little/nothing in common;     in common with…  和……一樣
      59. ◎communicate  vt  傳達,傳遞(想法,感情,思想等) communication  n
      He was eager to communicate his ideas to the group.
                         vi 與某人交流(信息或消息,意見等),溝通    communicate with sb
      60. company   u/n.  交往;陪伴   c/n. 公司     keep sb. company 陪伴某人
      61. compare        compare…with… 把…和…比較 ;    compare…to…  把…比作…
         compared with/to (作狀語) 與…相比   Compared with/to other people, he is fortunate.
      62.●compensate 補償,賠償,彌補    compensate for sth          compensate sb for sth
      63. ◎compete  vi  比賽,競賽    competition  n.   compete with / against sb in sth for sth
      64. complete  adj. 完整的   v. 完成、結束     a complete story  完整的故事 
      complete the project        completely  adv.  be completely destroyed  徹底毀壞
      65. ●compromise
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